Suicide is a problem occurring within our communities. Therefore, it is important to see what the Islamic perspective is on this topic.
There are two kinds of sins in Islam. There are minor and major sins. Suicide is one of the major sins and is impermissible. Islam has a strong rationale for banning suicide.
Imam Jaffar Al-Sadiq (peace be upon him) narrates that someone who kills themselves intentionally will be in Hell forever. He then refers to the chapter in the Quran entitled “The Women”, verse 93 where God says that “If you kill a true believer without any justification, you will be in hell forever.”
This verse does not merely refer to killing another individual. It also includes the sin of someone killing themselves. That means someone who commits suicide will be in hell forever.
Furthermore, in that same chapter, in verse 29, God says “Do not kill yourself, God is merciful to you.”
From the Islamic point of view, suicide is seen as defeat in the trialsgiven by God. In fact, God sent us to this world in order for us to be tested. Accordingly, He is going to put us in different and difficult situations.
The true believer will acknowledge these situations and try to complete their trials. However, the one who decides to commit suicide instead of facing their tests has been defeated.
Suicide is a permanent solution for a temporary problem